Some distinctive traits of a wasp can make the task of identifying them easier. Though they are predatory flying insects, they are generally useful for the environment at large. Wasps also help in pest control on agricultural tracts of land.
As far as types and species of wasps go – there are two types of wasps called social and solitary. Social wasps dwell in large numbers and the nests are made of chewed up and softened wood fiber. The most commonly known species in the wasp family are hornets and yellow jackets. There are also pollen wasps, paper wasps, velvet ants and mud daubers. Most of these types are marked by yellow markings on their bodies and thin, long bodies.
Most of the wasp species have dual set of wings, with the front wings being larger and the hind ones being smaller. Wasps are largely terrestrial or land borne insects but a few of them can land on water also. Their color varies a bit with some being completely black and some like the hornet and the yellow jacket having yellow stripes on their body.
At a quick glance, the bee and the wasp might look alike but beware, for the wasp has a far nastier temper. Bees also feast on plant nectar whereas a wasp will eat, mostly, small insects. Wasps are also less hirsute! Bees need a lot of hair on their bodies to take the nectar from one plant to another. Female bees and wasps – both carry a venomous sting. But where the wasps use that sting to paralyze their prey, bees use it more as defense mechanism. Wasps can also sting numerous times whereas a bee normally dies after stinging just once.
After a wasp has stung a human being, there aren’t too many severely painful effects. Unless one has walked into or has been stung by many wasps or worse, has an allergic reaction. But the effects can vary from pain, itching, redness at the location of the bite and swelling too. one word of caution to those who are allergic to bites like this, take an anti-allergen medicine immediately. For allergic reactions can include fall in blood pressure, nausea and retching as well.
What can help is to draw out the sting gently and completely, putting a cold compress or even an ice pack on the sting portion and washing the area and applying an antibiotic cream as well. Allergy medication also needs to be administered in a few cases.
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