Gorillas living in rain forests in different parts of Africa can be divided into 3 types, namely the western lowland gorillas, the eastern lowland gorillas and the mountain gorillas. Generally, gorillas are covered with brown or black hair apart from chest, face, palms and soles.
An adult male gorilla is also called a silverback gorilla. They are usually over 12 years of age. They have distinctive silver patch on their backs. A silverback gorilla has huge canine teeth which come out with maturity. Silverback gorillas are the very strong and dominant. They are always the troop leaders. Each troop possesses a silverback which is the center of attention and it is the one who make the decisions and mediate conflicts. It determines the movement of its group by leading it to different feeding sites. Safety of his troop is his Responsibility. The young gorillas, or the Blackbacks, and the females are used as backup protection.
Males slowly begin to leave their paternal troop at the age of 11 that is when they reach maturity. A male may stay in its father’s troop and later inherit its control. Silverbacks are fierce, but shy and friendly animals. Gorillas live in their natural habitat which is covered by tropical and subtropical forests of Africa. They can be found both in high mountains as well as sea level. The mountain gorilla lives in Albertine Rift and cloud forests of Virunga Volcanoes; The lowland gorillas includes both the western lowland gorillas and the eastern lowland gorillas. They usually live in forests but sometimes can be found on lowland swampy areas and marshes even as sea level. Western lowland gorillas are found in Central West Africa, while the eastern lowland gorillas are found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, near the Rwandan border.
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