“Voodoo” means deity and it is considered as a religion by many people around the world. Voodoo probably originated in Africa and is believed to be 10,000 years old. The three main types of voodoo are Haitian voodoo, New Orleans voodoo and African voodoo. Rituals may differ slightly in different types of voodoo but the basic foundations of the voodoo religion remain almost the same.
Haitian voodoo is a kind of voodoo that arose in Haiti in the Caribbean. It is formed by merging the beliefs of West Africans with Roman Catholic Christianity and Arawakina beliefs. It probably arose from African slaves, who were brought to Haiti and then were forcibly converted to their masters' religions. Sorcery with a voodoo doll representing the victim in Haitian voodoo is well known.
New Orleans voodoo arose in the city New Orleans from the French colony of Louisiana when the slaves began to arrive here. It is formed by merging the beliefs of the Africans which started within the Spanish and French speaking African-American community in Louisiana. It is different from Haitian voodoo as it uses Li Grand Zombi (a snake deity), Gris-gris (voodoo amulets) and voodoo queens.
African voodoo refers to the traditional religion extending from the countries of Nigeria to Ghana in coastal West Africa. It is practiced by various tribes including Kabye, Fon and Ewe people who live in Ghana, and the Yoruba who live in Nigeria. The religion involves vodun spirits and divine elements which rule over the Earth. These may be deities controlling natural forces or spirits of trees or streams.
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