There are different kinds of guava fruits and the most popular one is Psidium Guajava or the common tropical variety. The fruits of the guava tree resemble a lemon shaped pear, and have a yellow or green skin. The inside of the fruit is creamy and pulpy with many seeds. People use guavas to make jelly, juice and jam. Guava has several nutritional ingredients in it.
In every 100g of fruit, you can find 600 mg of Vitamin C. When the guava is fully ripe, the Vitamin C in the fruit becomes less and will drop to 100mg. However, the amount of potassium increases in the ripened fruit. Vitamin C is required by the human body for tissue and cell repair. It maintains the teeth, blood vessels, bones and tissues. A Vitamin C deficiency will cause dry skin, wrinkles, bruising, and also poor healing. Vitamin C is also an effective antioxidant.
Niacin is one of the members of the B-Complex vitamins. It helps to break down the food and convert it into energy. One fruit of guava has about 1.068mg of niacin. It aids the digestion process and promotes a healthy appetite in people. It is also important for a healthy skin and nervous system.
Vitamin B1 is frequently found in red meat and grains. It is also found in guava, but in smaller quantities. According to a research conducted by Purdue University, guava contains 0.46 mg of B1. The vitamin, which is also called thiamine, aids the growth of muscles. A deficiency in thiamine causes poor muscle growth, weakness and mental confusion.
As per Purdue University, guava contains 0.04 mg of Vitamin B2. The vitamin, also called riboflavin, is required for eyes, blood and the skin. It also helps in digestion by converting food into energy. A deficiency in riboflavin can cause dry skin, dermatitis and also cracks in the corners of the mouth.
Guava has several other vitamins and minerals like vitamins A, B3 and G4. Some of the minerals found in guava are potassium and calcium. It is a rare thing to find B complex vitamins in a single fruit. Even one serving of guava fruit everyday ahs several health benefits to offer. Minerals, such as potassium, calcium and magnesium, are required by the musculoskeletal system of the body. The tissues and cells are repaired everyday by the body, and that is why the vitamins found in guava are required on a daily basis by the body.
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LiveStrong: Vitamins In Guava