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Lyme disease is spread by certain types of ticks that are found on deer commonly. Only an infected tick can pass on the disease. Lyme disease was first found in Connecticut because of the high population of the deer in the state. The first case of the disease was from a place called Lyme in Connecticut and that is why it was named Lyme disease.
This disease is caused by a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi. Ticks that are infected by the bacteria spread it to humans. Lyme disease occurs in several states of the US. Wherever there is deer population, the disease seems to occur.
Lyme disease develops symptoms in the early stages on infection. One of the symptoms is tiredness and it is followed by chills and fever. The person will also suffer from severe headache. Muscle and joint pains are common for a person suffering from Lyme disease. The lymph glands are swollen and one of the distinguishing symptoms is a rash. The rash is circular in shape and red in color. It expands in a circular manner at the spot of the tick bite. As the rash enlarges it appears like a bull’s eye. The rash site is also warm and is not painful and itchy. Some of the symptoms occur only after the rash spreads. The disease can cause several complications, like it may lead to arthritis, joint pains, and even meningitis if neglected. It also causes irregularities in the heart beat, and more severe complications include paralysis.
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