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Preventing trichinosis, which is a food borne disease, is not a very difficult task. Trichinosis is caused due to infection from larvae that are produced by Trichinella spiralis, which is commonly found in the contaminated meat. Although the symptoms of Trichinosis are mostly negligible, if the infection becomes severe, then it might lead to encephalitis, pneumonia and also heart failure.
The first thing to prevent this type of food borne disease is to freeze the meat properly. When meat is frozen for a long time, it tends to destroy the Trichinella spiralis larvae. Hence, freezing meat for two to three weeks prior consumption is always advisable. Also proper cooking is another trick to prevent trichnosis. While cooking meat, especially the pork, ensure that the juices from the pork are running clearly this will enable you to understand that meat has been cooked well. The best thing is to use a meat thermometer if it reads more than 170 degree Fahrenheit then you can be assured that the meat has been cooked properly.
Ensure that the kitchen as well as the entire surface which has touched the meat is being cleaned properly. Sometimes, the larvae from the meat drop at various places further spreading the infection. Knives, cutting boards and utensils are the special mention here which needs to be taken extra care of while cleaning them. Also, since the meat is kept in the refrigerator for freezing, regular cleaning of the refrigerator should not be neglected. Washing with warm and soapy water would be the best option. You may also use anti-bacteria soap or a spray.
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