Attention deficit disorder is a kind of mental disorder that affects approximately 5 percent to 10 percent of children, who are going to school. It is rather more common in boys compared to girls. To put it simple it means children who are impulsive, restless and are always in a move. They lack awareness of their surroundings and are tough to handle. Once they grow up they demonstrate regular and insensible movement of lower body parts, fiddling of hands and impetuous behavior.
Attention deficit disorder often goes unnoticed by many parents and practitioners because it is very difficult to diagnose. Psychologists have attributed many reasons but none of them clearly points out any precise natural or neurologic signs. The basic indicators are usually behavioral and changes with environment. Therefore, psychologists depend upon the mental and social records and information from the school.
Depending on the behavioral patterns, experts have identified three basic symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder these can be categorized into the following:
- Lack of concentration: Children who are unable to complete a work that requires continuous attention by concentrating on it and are easily distracted.
- Hyperactivity: Children who cannot sit at a place for long and are always on a move either climbing or running.
- Impulsiveness: Children who are unable to manage and organize a task. Those who continuously move from one activity to other and think less but act more.
As stated earlier that diagnosis of this type of mental disorder is difficult so is the treatment because, it cannot be treated with a one single solution. The treatment comprises of various medications and alterations of behavior. Experts usually suggest alterations of conduct and manners than depending on stimulants because most of the parents try and avoid stimulants as it has certain side effects and its inability to provide steady solutions.
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