The identification of PTSD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in people who have experienced a traumatic incidence in their past was considered to be a psychiatric diagnosis until the 1980s. At that point in time, not much information was available pertaining to the occurrence of this disorder in adolescents and young children.
However, at present, it is a proven fact that post traumatic stress disorder exhibits a wide range of age-specific signs and symptoms and the adolescents are highly prone to fall victim to this distressful disorder.
Although the nature of PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder in adolescents is different from that of PTSD in preadolescents and small kids, it is very much similar in symptoms to the post-traumatic disorder observed in adults. But, a few distinctive characteristics distinguish the disorder in adolescents from that in adults. As a matter of fact, adolescents or children of 12 yrs- 18 yrs of age, have a greater tendency than adults and kids to involve in re-enactment of their traumatic experiences in their daily lives. Moreover, as compared to adults and pre-adolescents, adolescents have a greater inclination towards displaying aggressive and violent behaviors.
The various clinical symptoms that are used for diagnosing the disorder in teenagers include self consciousness, upheaval at school or home, dangerous or fatal re-enactment, social withdrawal, decreased efficiency at school, extreme depression, rapid change in relationships, increased susceptibility to accident, feelings of shame, humiliation, and guilt, abnormally high involvement with other people in an effort to distance from memories of the traumatic event, disturbances in eating and sleeping patterns, and uncontrollable desire to take revenge.
Treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT, play therapy, psychological therapies, the twelve step approach for adolescents suffering from drug abuse issues, EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitizing and Reprocessing) therapy, and medications, are used for curing PTSD symptoms in adolescents or teenagers.
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