It is slightly difficult to point out the existence of vaccine. Many do believe that it was certainly used long ago in countries like China, Persia and India. However, Edward Jenner, also regarded as Father of Immunology, was certainly the sole individual to have actually used it in the Western world.
Did you know that the early existence of small pox occurred some 10000 BC back in Africa? The mummies, namely pharaoh Ramses, showed signs of smallpox. Soon the Indians too contracted this disease naturally from the ancient Egyptian merchants during trading activities. This same was passed on to other countries like China and Japan. Smallpox was definitely fatal and the widespread circulation made it much worse. Nearly 400,000 individuals died almost every year during the eighteenth century. It never took control on a specific group. It could attack the king and at the same time peasants too. The most common victims were naturally infants and small kids.
Most survivors were immunized and they never got the disease again. Small samples of smallpox vesicles were injected in the nostrils of pure healthy beings. The process was known as inoculation and was practiced commonly during 1000 B.C. Edward Jenner generalized a technique for this disease that saves millions of lives. We all need to be grateful to this man’s experimentation due to which we are safe and smallpox was eradicated. He was interested in surgery and other things like anatomy of cuckoos, heart disease and was highly passionate about invention. His personal minute detailing and natural instincts allowed him to invent a rare vaccine. He continued to practice surgery and medicine even after the invention of vaccine. He was instrumental in creating medical awareness which was highly uncommon at that period.
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