When a person suspects a cardiovascular health condition, he or she has to undergo clinical examination before any tests are ordered. There are certain steps for clinical examination on cardiovascular health that a cardiologist will follow. The steps are highlighted below:
When a patient goes for a clinical examination on cardiovascular health, he or she will be asked to undress and put on a hospital gown. Thereafter, the patient will be asked to lie on the examination table and the head as well as the neck will be placed at a forty-five degree angle.
Thereafter, the doctor will begin the examination. The instruments used for the examination will include a stethoscope, sphygmomanometer as well as a scale. Initially a general examination will be done and only after that a more detailed examination to check for cyanosis, clubbing of the fingers, edema, pulse rate, blood pressure and the pallor of the skin.
Thereafter a systemic examination of the patient will be conducted. In this, the arterial pulse will be checked during systole. The pulse is checked at the wrist. Here the doctor will note down the rate, check if the rhythm of the pulse is regular or irregular, what the character of the pulse is, the state of the wall of the blood vessel, and also make a note of peripheral pulsations.
Then, the blood pressure is measured with the help of sphygmomanometer. The next step in clinical examination on cardiovascular health involves checking of the neck veins. In this the jugular veins at the neck are examined, particularly the right internal jugular. And, finally the precordium is checked.
Based on the clinical examination on cardiovascular health, the doctor will ask for other tests to be done to rule out any doubts or to confirm a condition.
More Articles :