The significance of clinical examination should never been disregarded. It is through this process that the doctor checks a person for any signs and symptoms of a disease. Usually, the doctor will first make a note of the person's medical history and then conduct a clinical examination, which is also known as physical examination. Then, the doctor will come to a diagnosis and recommend a course of treatment.
It has been seen the different doctors have different methods of conducting the clinical examination. However, the general process involves starting with the examination of the head first and ending with the extremities. The various parts of the body are examined by way of inspection, palpation, percussion as well as auscultation. Thereafter, the doctor may ask for more tests like orthopedic test or neurological test, or he or she may also ask for a specific test for a particular disease, like getting the Trousseau's sign if the doctor suspects that the person is suffering from hypocalcemia.
Based on the evidences that the doctor gets from the clinical examination and the medical history, he or she will come to a differential diagnosis. This is nothing but making a list of the probable causes that have the same symptoms as those displayed by the person. Then based on this, the doctor will ask for diagnostic tests to get the cause of the symptoms, or to throw light on causes that he or she may have overlooked previously.Hence, the significance of clinical examination should never be overlooked as it helps the doctor to make a diagnosis of the disease or illness that a person is suffering from.
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