Knowing the causes and consequences of high blood pressure will result in a person being more cautious where his or her health is concerned. It is important to note that it is not necessary for person to experience symptoms of high blood pressure and that is why in some people the disease is diagnosed late after it has caused irreversible damage to the various organs, especially the heart and blood vessels.
The causes of elevated blood pressure are discussed below. After that we will discuss the consequences of high blood pressure.
One of the main causes of elevated blood pressure is the lifestyle. Most people are too busy with their lives to pay attention to what they eat. As a result people end up consuming unhealthy foods and foods that contain too much sodium, like processed foods. Foods that are high in sodium and low in potassium can result in elevated blood pressure levels. Also, smoking and drinking alcohol are risk factors for elevated blood sugar. In addition, leading a sedentary life and not doing any exercise will cause the blood pressure to shoot up.
The lifestyle causes can be controlled by the person, but the medical reasons for elevated blood pressure cannot be controlled. It has been seen that certain health conditions can cause elevated blood pressure. Thyroid disorders and suffering from chronic kidney disease can result in high blood pressure. Even pregnancy can cause the blood pressure to shoot up and so also age. As a person grows older, the chances of having high blood pressure increases.
Now that we know some of the most common causes for elevated blood pressure, let us look at what the consequences of having elevated pressure are. For one, blood pressure can cause cardiac disease. It can lead to atherosclerosis (thickening of arterial walls), stroke, heart failure and cardiac disease. It can cause irreversible damage to the kidneys.
Knowing the causes and consequences of high blood pressure will help a person understand how important it is to pay attention to what they eat and how active they are. Eating heart healthy food, such as fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, foods with Omega-3 fatty acid and unsaturated fats, and doing exercise for 30 to 60 minutes at least three times in week will ensure that your blood pressure is maintained at normal levels and you do not end up suffering from other serious health problems like heart disease or stroke.
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