Low blood pressure is medically known as hypotension. While the normal range of blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg, in low blood pressure the pressure is less than 90/60 mmHg. Lowered pressure of blood is normal in people who are athletes or who do not smoke and have a healthy lifestyle. However, in people who have some underlying health condition and in seniors, low pressure of the blood could be a symptom of insufficient blood reaching vital organs.
When people have low pressure of the blood without any symptoms, they wonder when is blood pressure considered too low. As mentioned earlier, when systolic blood pressure range is 90 mmHg, and diastolic pressure range is 60 mmHg, it is said to be low blood pressure. Anything less than 90/60 mmHg is considered to be too low. People who chronically suffer from low blood pressure should get a thorough medical check up done. The low pressure could be sign of heart disease, disorder of the endocrine system or some neurological disorder.
Here are some of the reasons for extremely low blood pressure.
When blood pressure is too low, it results in shock. Low levels of blood pressure are seen when someone is lying prone on the bed for a prolong period of time and then suddenly gets up, he or she may suffer from sudden plunge in the blood pressure known as postural hypotension. Also, a pregnant woman can have low pressure during the first twenty-four months of her pregnancy. If a person is injured and loses too much blood, the pressure can fall down. Also, people taking hypertensive drugs, and medications for certain diseases like heart disease or Parkinson's can also suffer from low blood pressure. Other causes for extremely low blood pressure include severe septicemia, deficiency of folic acid and Vitamin B12, dehydration and anaphylaxis. Also, a person can suffer from low pressure after eating a meal. This is referred to as post-parandial hypotension.
If you are worried about your blood pressure falling too low, you should keep a look out for the symptoms. Some of the symptoms of low blood pressure include fatigue, feeling very thirsty, shallow breathing, skin cold and clammy to touch, blurring of the vision, nausea, fainting, and feeling dizzy or lightheaded. If you have any of these symptoms, you need medical intervention. So, ensure that you get yourself over to the ER of the nearest hospital. Alternatively, you can lie down in bed and elevate your feet until they are as the same level as your heart. Also, drink a lot of fluids and do not stand upright for long periods of time. Remember, extremely low levels of blood pressure are dangerous as it could result in a shock, coma or even be fatal.
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