The 21st century has witnessed immense progression in the lives of women all over the world.
Women of today have crossed the threshold of their houses and have carved a niche for themselves in all walks of life. Absorbed in their professional lives, women think of tying the knot much later in life. As a consequence of this transformation, the age of marriage and childbirth have increased.In this century, a woman is contemplating pregnancy and bearing children much later than her own mother or grandmothers ever did.
Research has proven that with growing age, the prospect of pregnancy decreases in women. The fertility rate of a female is the highest in her twenties and keeps moving towards the downslide with each year that goes by. At an average, a female’s reproductive system is competent of producing 400 eggs in one’s complete lifetime. Under typical circumstances, one egg is produced per month. However, with course of time, not only does the quality and quantity of eggs decrease but the uterine and vaginal linings also start losing their potential for healthy pregnancy and childbirth as a result of lowered estrogen. Statistics reveal that a woman’s fertility starts waning after the twenties. The rate decreases by 15 to 20 percent from early to mid thirties, by 50 percent from mid to late thirties and the decline is as steep a 90 percent in the early to mid forties.
Apart from the issue of fertility, several other complications also arise with growing age. With the increase in age, women are more susceptible to problems such as fibroids, hypertension, diabetes and hormonal imbalance. Such medical conditions pose problems for pregnancy. Studies suggest the presence of such disorders to be about 5.5 percent in the age group of women below 30 in comparison to 11.8 percent in those over 35 years of age.
Not only is conception difficult but the entire term of pregnancy may also require care, attention and lots of medical tests and scans. Pregnancy risk and complications are about 10.43 percent in women of 20 to 29 years and 19.29 percent in women between the ages 35 and 39. Complications such as pregnancy induced diabetes, high blood pressure, low positioning of placenta, bleeding in the third trimester, induced labor, cesarean section, fetal distress, forceps delivery and children with chromosomal abnormalities like Down’s syndrome are seen to be more common in women pregnant at a later age in life.
Despite all the statistics, there is no reason for anxiety as medical advancement today aids women of all ages to conceive and bear healthy children.
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