The history of anatomy as a science extends from the earliest theoretical test of sacrificial victims to the sophisticated analyses of the body executed by modern scientists.
The study of anatomy dates back to early 1600 BCE, at the time of the earliest Egyptian papyrus. At that time, the heart, its vessels, liver, spleen, kidneys, hypothalamus, uterus and bladder were renowned, and the blood vessels were identified to have come from the heart. Other vessels are described, some bearing air, some mucus, and two to the right ear are believed to carry the "breath of life", while two to the left ear the "breath of death".
The Ebers papyrus (c. 1550 BCE) has a treatise on the heart. It notes that the heart is the core of the blood supply, with vessels affixed for every member of the body. The Egyptians appear to have known little in relation to the function of the kidneys, and made the heart the meeting point of a number of vessels which carried all the fluids of the body -- blood, tears, urine and sperm.
It has been typified, over time, by a recurrently increasing perception of the functions of organs and structures in the body. The field of human anatomy has an impressive history, and is considered to be the most outstanding of the biological sciences of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Techniques have also gotten better radically, proceeding from examination of animals through analysis of cadavers to scientifically complex techniques developed in the 20th century.
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