Family planning entails planning when to have children. It also deals with birth control and other methods to carry out these plans. It is using effective methods of birth control to limit the number of children one wants to have and also space the children by timing pregnancy.
A considerable amount of resources, physical, emotional and financial are required to raise children. Planning can help make these resources available as required to each child one decides to have.
Health has also to be considered. The female should be at least 18 years old to ensure good maternal and child health. It is advisable to have a gap of at least two years between the children. So, spacing is important. It is healthy to wait at least 6 months after a miscarriage or abortion.
The aim of international organizations is to provide basic family planning, maternal and neonatal health care to women in developing countries. This includes education in contraception, pre and post natal care, delivery. Family planning schemes also promote of condoms to prevent sexually transmitted infections. Most developing countries have a population problem and hence, they have incorporated family planning schemes.
China has adopted the one- child policy, which has led to a considerable slowing down of population. On the flip side, the result has been forced abortions and forced sterilizations. This is also the case with India which has an active family planning program. The results are there but not so dramatic as in China.
Iran has also been successful in reducing the birth rate after implementing the policy of family planning.
The US provides family planning services for those in need. However, funding for the same has declined while Medicaid has increased at the same time.
More Articles :