Coronary angiogram is special kind of x-ray that is used to see the tiny arteries present in the heart. The arteries are between 1 millimeter to 3 millimeters in diameter and that is why a special x-ray is required to make the proper follow up treatment for coronary angiogram.
Before we talk about the follow up treatment for coronary angiogram, let us take a look at how the angiogram is conducted. The patient is made to lie down and a local anesthesia is given in the groin. Then the cardiologist insets a needle into the femoral artery through which a flexible wire is passed. This wire then is gradually pushed until it reaches the main aorta. Over the flexible wire is a plastic tube which is the angiogram catheter and the wire is only a guiding tool. The work is done by the angiogram catheter. The catheter is tip is then moved to the mouth of the main coronary arteries and a dye is injected into the arteries to make them visible during the x-ray procedure. As the dye travels through the minutest of arteries, the cardiologist can get a clear picture. This allows the cardiologist to see where the blockage is and how severe it is.
After the coronary angiogram is over, the cardiologist will study the pictures and then decide the follow up treatment. If the blockage is less than 50 percent, no surgical intervention is required. However, if the blockage is more than 50 percent, the follow up treatment for coronary angiogram will be taken into consideration.
The follow up treatment for coronary angiogram can vary depending on the type of blockage, the location, the shape of the plaque and various other factors.
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