Coronary artery disease occurs due to collection of plaque and fatty material on the lining of the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle.
This disease is one of leading causes of deaths in the world. While most patients do not display symptoms of the disease, advanced stage patients can have symptoms like chest pain or heart attack.
Coronary artery disease is often called the silent killer because of lack of symptoms. Many patients suddenly get heart attacks due to the blockage caused by the build up of plaque and fatty material. In some people, the plaque or fatty material can get dislodged from the wall of the causing complete blockage or blood clot, which is fatal.
So, what is the demographic for coronary artery disease? According to medical experts, nearly half of 40 year old men in the United States will end up developing the disease sometime in the future, and one in three women who are 40 will also get coronary artery disease. As people age, the tendency to get coronary artery disease increases. This can be primarily attributed to poor lifestyle. In addition, men are at a higher risk of developing coronary artery disease compared to women. However, this can change in women who are older. Middle aged men have a higher risk of getting coronary artery disease compared to middle aged women. But older men and women have equal chances of developing the disease.
In addition, it has been seen that African-Americans are at a higher risk of getting coronary artery disease compared to Caucasians. Even Native Americans are at a higher risk of developing coronary artery disease compared to Caucasians.
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