While some tests are performed for detecting the presence of a single infection, there are also diagnostic tests available that are capable of identifying a wide range of sexually transmitted infections.
As per the available statistical data, 1 among every 5 Americans is suffering with one or the other kind of STD. Among these, major percentages are college-age students who are becoming sexually active while they are still in their teens. The most important reason for this is unprotected sexual contact. While some feign ignorance, others lack awareness regarding the dangers of coming into contact with HIV and other STDs. Situation is further grim in other developing and underdeveloped nations such as Africa, Thailand, Cambodia, Latin America and Caribbean. At the end of 2007, it is estimated that approximately 22.5 million people were living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. One important reason for the spread of STDs as an epidemic in these countries is lack of proper diagnostic tests at many remote places. Even though these tests are available, they are not affordable by many as these tests are expensive.
In this regard, it is important to create STD clinics that can provide counseling and free testing related to different types of STDs. These STD clinics should be made available at every possible location so that they are accessible to the public.