Hiv And Std Prevention And Adolescents

HIV And Std Prevention And Adolescents      With the change in the outlook, cultural values and lifestyle modifications, a major proportion of the teen population across the globe is sexually active. In spite of possessing a high degree of awareness and self-perception about the risk of acquiring HIV and STDs with unprotected sex, the present day youth continues to get involved in unsafe sex.

      As a result, most of the sexually active teenagers and young adults, especially those in the age group of 13 – 24 years, are falling prey to HIV and STDs. People in this age group are more susceptible because they exhibit the early signs of high-risk behavior, which is especially true in cases where adolescents have been sexually abused during their childhood or in the recent past.

     Despite many school programs and community based initiatives, where greater levels of awareness is being generated through dissemination of information about HIV and STDs, this problem continues to persist because unfortunately self-perception and awareness about the problem does not trigger any form of risk prevention or risk reduction behavior in these young adults. As a result of this inability to judge the magnitude of the problem and the inability to translate the knowledge of risk into an action through which the risk can be prevented, more and more number of adolescents are becoming susceptible to HIV and STDs.

      For reducing sexual risk-taking tendency in adolescents, school and community-based programs can be effective to a certain degree. However, many people believe that sex education in schools can cause a lot of irreparable damage to innocent minds. On the contrary, educating young adults about HIV and STDs can actually aid in reducing the sexual risk taking tendency in adolescents either by preventing unsafe sex, delaying sex, reducing the frequency of sex, decreasing the number of sexual partners, or increasing sexual activity using condoms. Properly designed clinical interventions can be very encouraging and also aid in increased use of condoms.

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Hiv And Std Prevention And Adolescents