Infection spreads from person to person as a result of direct skin contact during vaginal, oral or anal sex with a person who is already infected with the virus.
There are different ways of treating genital warts. However, none of these are effective in completely eradicating the existence of the virus in the body. The biggest challenge that genital warts present to every treatment method is that they tend to recur time and again. Genital warts can only be cured permanently when the disease-causing virus is removed from the body. If the virus stays alive, it can cause the development of warts. Human papilloma virus (HPV) has the tendency to remain latent for an extended period of time. The virus has the ability to remain alive inside the body and grow without showing any symptoms or causing any visible infection. Hence, recurrence of genital warts is a possibility even after months or years after undergoing a successful treatment against an initial infection.
Recurrence of genital warts primarily occurs when the immune system succumbs or fails to remove the virus. The best way of removing the virus is to activate or strengthen the immune system so that it can generate an effective anti-viral response against the pathogen. Recurring genital warts can also be a precursor for more serious medical conditions like cervical cancer.
One way of treating a HPV infection is to apply imiquimod cream (Aldara) that can enhance the body’s immune response against the infection. Warts seem less likely to recur by this method of treatment. Another way of treatment is through the administration of therapeutic vaccines against the virus.
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