The meaning of achondroplasia literally is 'without bones'. It is a disease of the bones.
Normally, in human beings, the cartilage of the bones, in the course of time, gets converted into bones. The disease is mainly due to non convertibility of the cartilage into bones. The cartilage instead of getting into bone gets thickened. It is called ossification. Due to non elongation of bones, they look shorter or dwarf-like. The disease is more prominent in legs and arms.The symptoms are shortness in the body built, shortness of arms and legs. The patients will be having bigger heads. Their lower backs will be curvatured. They will be having breathing problems, obesity, and infections, which occur very often.
The average height of an adult male affected with achondroplasia is 131 centimeters (52 inches, or 4 feet 4 inches), and that of adult female is 124 centimeters (49 inches or 4 feet 1 inch)
Bigger head and prominent forehead, short fingers are the other notable symptoms of achondroplasia symptoms. The people suffering from this disorder will have short fingers. Sometimes, their ring finger and middle finger are joined, and gives the appearance of only three fingers. Their upper arms and thighs will be shorter, and that is the reason for their short appearance. Even though they appear dwarf, the size of their trunk is surprisingly normal and average.
Obesity, difficulty and problems in breathing and ear infections are their usual health problems. Sometimes the adults may develop a permanent lower back curvature, bowed legs, difficulty in walking and pain in the back.
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