Even though celiac disease reduces the body’s capacity to absorb all major nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates and fats, it is the last nutrient that is subjected to maximum mal-absorption. In fact, the major signs of celiac disease are those gastrointestinal symptoms that occur due to the insufficient fat absorption, like abdominal bloating, malodorous flatulence or letting out stinking gas, diarrhea, and large fat deposits in the stool or steatorrhea.
Those who suffer from celiac disease show marked symptoms of lactose mal-absorption too. The symptoms of mal-absorption of lactose are quite similar to those that occur due to malabsorption of fat -- pain in the abdomen or swelling in that area, diarrhea and an extreme case of flatulence or passing gas.
When there is loss of intestinal villi, the result is mal-absorption of carbohydrates, especially the sugar lactose. Let us understand how and why lactose mal-absorption happens in the human body. Known as the primary sugar present in milk, lactose is essentially composed of two types of smaller sugars, namely glucose and galactose. Lactose must first be divided into glucose and galactose, before it can be taken in from the intestine and then into the body. Once this is done, the cells that line the small intestine absorb the glucose and galactose.
On the facade of the small intestinal villi there is the enzyme called lactase, which divides the lactose into two, glucose and galactose respectively. In the body of a person suffering from celiac disease, the intestinal villi and the lactase enzymes are damaged, and hence the mal-absorption of lactose.
More Articles :