Crohn's Disease is treated with drugs, surgery or nutrition supplements, or a combination of all three. Treatment of this condition is primarily aimed at correcting the nutritional deficiencies in the body, controlling inflammation, and eliminating symptoms like diarrhea, stomach pain and bleeding from the rectum.
The type of treatment depends on the patient’s case history, symptoms and response to earlier medical treatments. Often a person suffering from Crohn’s disease may need to be under medical supervision for a long period of time.
Most patients are first treated with anti-inflammation drugs that contain mesalamine, like Sulfasalazine. Those who are unable to tolerate this particular medicine are usually put on other drugs that contain mesalamine, like Asacol, Dipentum or Pentasa. Some of the side effects of drugs containing mesalamine include nausea, vomiting, heartburn, diarrhea, and headache.
Other drugs that provide good results are cortisone drugs and steroids, like Prednisone. A large dose of Prednisone is generally prescribed in the beginning, and the dosage is reduced as the symptoms start fading away. On the flip side, these drugs can lead to dangerous side effects.
Crohn’s disease is also treated with immune system suppressors or drugs that suppress the immune system, the most common ones among these being 6-mercaptopurine and azathioprine. These drugs work by creating a blockage for the immune reaction that causes inflammation but lead to diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and can even bring down the patient’s resistance power against possible infections. Antibiotics used to fight this disease are tetracycline, ampicillin, sulfonamide, metronidazole and cephalosporin, all of these effective in fighting the bacteria that grows in the small intestine.
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