Diarrhea is a widespread disease that affects people of all age groups. Unlike a regular person, a person who is suffering from diarrhea needs to empty his bowels more than thrice a day, at the very least. Mild diarrhea may last for up to two days and get cured with simple medication, while chronic diarrhea is usually an indication of a more serious disease and must be brought to the attention of a medical practitioner.
Diarrhea also leads to dehydration, which is especially hazardous for young children and the elderly. Acute diarrhea usually happens due to the presence of a viral, parasitic or bacterial infection.
Bacteria may enter the body though contaminated food or water, resulting in an a case of diarrhea, and the most common ones responsible for this disorder are Escherichia coli or E coli, Salmonella, Shigella and Campylobacter.
Viruses that cause diarrhea are the herpes simplex virus, viral hepatitis, cytomegalovirus, rotavirus and the Norwalk virus.
Diarrhea is also caused due to food intolerances, which can happen when the patient is not able to digest certain food components like lactose (sugar that is present in milk), or artificial sweeteners.
Certain parasites that enter the body through unhygienic food or dirty water and then make the digestive system their home also cause diarrhea, like the Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium and Entamoeba histolytica.
Often people on certain medications like antibiotics, antacids with magnesium, cancer drugs and blood pressure medications complain of diarrhea too. Other causes of this disorder can be irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, colitis, inflammatory bowel disease or celiac disease.
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