One of the most common mental disorders seen in children, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADD/ADHD is a condition of the brain that leads to poor concentration, irritability, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior.
Symptoms of ADD/ADHD may also be present when the child grows up, and unless he receives help right from childhood, it may be extremely difficult for him to do well in school, develop healthy social relationships or chalk out a career path for himself, thanks to low self esteem and awkwardness in his mind.
There are a few typical symptoms which lead to the diagnosis of ADD/ADHD. These are inability to pay proper attention, distractibility, hyperactivity, lack of concentration, absence of mental focus and impulsive behavior.
Though the medical world still remains baffled, and has not been able to unearth what causes this disorder, it is widely accepted that ADD/ADHD is a hereditary condition and has a biological element to it. There are a few schools of thought that believe this condition is brought about by some kind of a structural imbalance of the brain. Medical researchers are relentlessly trying to identify the genes or combination of genes responsible for this condition, since it is quite common among members of a family.
Some believe that a child may be born with ADHD if he experiences early brain injury or trauma, or was exposed to some kind of situation that came in the way of normal development of the brain, like premature birth, obstetrical complications, exposure to cigarette smoke while in-utero or to low levels of lead, and malnourishment.
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