Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure to be used when a person has a cardiac arrest or whose heart and/or breathing has stopped. The heart and/or breathing can stop from a number of causes, including heart attack, choking, drowning or electric shock.
However, the causes cannot be limited to these. Any circumstance or trauma that leads to breathing being stopped or heart being stopped could be given CPR. This also included certain cases of drug overdose and asthma attacks too.
A few causes have been discussed below:
- Heart attacks
- Strokes: this is potentially fatal as the blood flow to a part of the brain suddenly stops. This deprives that part of the brain off oxygen
- Drowning or near-drowning incidents: This happens when the person is under water for too long. When a person drowns, water enters his airway and this water cuts off the supply of life-giving oxygen to the lungs.
- Choking on something that blocks the entire airway. This causes stopping of breathing just like in the case of drowning, except that here water does not block the airway.
- A serious neck, head, or back injury
- Severe electrical shock: This is caused by from touching a high voltage power line
- Drug overdose
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