Introduced in the year 1993 by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc, Effexor is typically made up of an active compound known as Venlafaxine hydrochloride. Effexor is an orally-administered drug that has been approved by the FDA for treating symptoms related to clinical depression and anxiety disorders in adults. Other diseases for which Effexor can be prescribed include Major Depressive disorder, Dysthymia and Bipolar disorders.
Effexor does not act as a CNS stimulant like other anti-depressants do. However, some patients often get addicted to Effexor. Most important reason of Effexor dependency is its short half-life period. Withdrawal symptoms can occur when a patient misses even a single dose of the drug. Symptoms also occur in patients where the dosage of the drug is reduced. Withdrawal symptoms of effexor include agitation, anorexia, anxiety, confusion, dizziness, dysphoric mood, headache, fatigue, insomnia, nausea, nervousness, somnolence, sweating, tremors, vertigo, vomiting, hypomania, diarrhea and impaired coordination of senses. In certain conditions, patients also observe a sudden, severe and uncontrollable pain in the abdominal muscles around the stomach and intestine. Patients also experience increased thoughts of suicide as a withdrawal symptom of effexor. It is important to lower the dose of effexor gradually. Sudden withdrawal of the drug can be fatal.
Effexor should not be prescribed to patients who are allergic to ingredients such as cellulose, iron oxide, titanium dioxide and hypromellose. Effexor, if used in combination with a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAO) can lead to a potentially fatal condition known as serotonin syndrome. SNRIs such as Effexor carry a potential risk of causing pulmonary hypertension.
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