Malnutrition is a general term used to describe a health condition caused by inadequate diet and nutrition. Lack of agricultural productivity and increase in population are responsible for the condition what observe as malnutrition.
Over cultivation, over grazing and deforestation make the soil unproductive and it can not provide the food required for human and cattle population to survive.
A certain group of people due to differences in income levels, access to cultivable land or levels of education may be at a higher risk. Nearly 27 percent of children below age 5 in developing countries are malnourished. Malnutrition is the biggest contributor to child mortality.
Causes of Malnutrition:
It can be due to deficiency of a single vitamin in the diet. Starvation due to poverty is also a cause. If the essential nutrients are not getting absorbed in the body, this can lead to malnutrition. Natural calamity such as famine can cause this. Political problems, national disaster and war are some of the other reasons that can cause malnutrition. Increase in temperature is known to reduce the productiveness of crop species.
Symptoms of Malnutrition:
- Weight loss
- Decreased immune response
- Low energy
- Swollen and bleeding gums
- Bloated stomach
- Muscle weakness
- Decaying teeth
- Dry and scaly skin
- Poor growth
- Slow reaction times
- Unable to pay proper attention
- Problems with organ function
95 percent of all malnourished people live in the climatic regions of tropic and sub-tropic. Climate change can create problem in food production and this can cause malnutrition in these areas.
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