Although the discovery of magnesium is credited to Sir Humphry Davy, the names of two other chemists are worth mentioning in this respect. One of them was Joseph Black, who in the year 1755 was the first one to highlight that magnesia (MgO) was its own compound and bared no similarity with calcium carbonate.
After this initial finding, it was in 1808 that the British chemist, Sir Humphry Davy isolated magnesium through the newly deciphered technique of electrolysis. The process of electrolysis was conducted on an amalgamation of magnesium oxide and mercuric oxide. This process left behind a blend of mercury and magnesium which was thereafter heated in a glass test tube to eliminate the mercury and thereby obtain magnesium in pure form.
The third name associated with the discovery of magnesium is that of a French chemist known as Antoine A.B. Bussy who put forth his invention in "Mémoire sur le Radical métallique de la Magnésie" in the year 1831. It was his mastermind that facilitated the isolation of magnesium in large proportions by heating magnesium chloride and potassium together in a glass tube. The resultant product, potassium chloride was later washed out leaving behind magnesium as the residue.
Magnesium is found in abundance within the earth’s crust, in water bodies and within human beings a well. This mineral is cardinal for more than three hundred enzymatic reactions vital for healthy functioning of the human body. As per the National Institutes of Health, bones contain half the percentage of overall magnesium found in the body. The remaining 39 percent is located in the cells and 1 percent is present in the bloodstream. The mineral must be consumed in the proportion of 320 milligrams and 400 milligrams by adult females and males on a daily basis. Insufficiency of the magnesium within the body is known to result in high blood pressure, weakness, migraine, weakened immunity, osteoporosis, sleep disorders and heart ailments.
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