The deficiency of sodium in the blood can be potentially threatening to life, particularly if the levels of sodium are too low or completely depleted. Various symptoms trigger off as the level of sodium keeps going down. Treatment to correct this condition calls for replenishment of sodium in the blood.
The deficiency of sodium in the blood is termed as hyponatremia, which is a resultant of the dipping levels of sodium from the blood to an extent when it almost gets depleted. The level of sodium in a normal, healthy body ranges from 136-145 mM. Once the level of sodium goes below the mark of 130mM, the body goes through the symptoms experienced in hyponatremia. Continuous drop in the levels of sodium can get as serious as going through seizures and even coma. Common symptoms include confusion and disorder, nausea, lethargy and exhaustion, cramping and twitching of the muscles.
Many times, it happens as the body cannot process and use the sodium in the blood correctly. It can happen due to a common medical condition or a disease. Having a diet involving low contents of sodium, intentionally or unintentionally for a long time is the most common culprit for this deficiency. The other causes for the deficiency of sodium include excessive sweating for a long time. Diuretics also have proven to cause the condition of low sodium levels when a proper, balanced diet is compromised along with having medications. Elderly patients face the increased risk from potentially suffering from hyponatremia.
Severe condition of diarrhea may also result in the decreased levels of sodium owing to dehydration. In contrast, having too much of fluids can also result in low sodium levels as the increased consumption of fluids tend to dilute the stream of blood, dropping the levels of sodium in the blood.
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