The modern fertility treatments like in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) are posing the threat of increased ectopic pregnancy.
Ectopic pregnancy is caused due to fertilization of the egg outside the womb. It is dangerous to both the mother and child. One percent of the pregnancies are ectopic according to the latest statistics.In the normal course of menstruation cycle, before every menstruation, an egg is released from the ovary. If it is fertilized by the sperm, the egg then gets planted in the womb. But sometimes it does not reach the womb, but grows outside anywhere in the fallopian tube, cervix (neck of the fallopian tube), ovary, or the abdominal cavity. This causes damage to all the surrounding organs and hence, needs immediate medical attention. It is a potential threat to the life of the pregnant woman also.
In IVF, woman’s eggs are taken from her body and fertilized with sperm in the laboratory. Then the embryo is inserted into her womb. In the process that embryo may get transplanted outside the womb, and may develop into an ectopic pregnancy.
Even in IUI or intra uterine insemination, the sperm which is directly inserted into the womb cavity can also get planted elsewhere or outside the womb.
Though every care is taken for in these treatments, due to the individual differences of the body systems any deviation can take place and hence, 2 percent to 5 percent of IVF and IUI treatments end up in ectopic pregnancies. Therefore, women who opt for these fertility treatments must be aware of possible ectopic pregnancy.
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