Behaviorism teaching style in education is more common than we would like to believe. In fact, it is used in every aspect of education. This style of teaching believes that information passed from a teacher to a student is basically the correct response to specific stimulus.
Therefore, the purpose of education is to ensure that a student has appropriate collection of responses to specific stimuli and these responses are then reinforced.
Reinforcement of responses is done through repetition, giving the student small sequences of tasks and providing constant flow of positive reinforcement. It is only then that a student will learn effectively. If positive reinforcement is not provided to the student, the learned responses will disappear as quickly as they appear.
Behavioral experts believe that motivation is essential part of behaviorism teaching style in education. Motivation induces pleasant feeling and when a student experiences pleasant feelings, he is likely to make connection between a specific stimulus and the response that is appropriate to that stimulus. For instance, a student who is praised and receives good grades for correct answers is more likely to learn those answers than a student who is not praised and receives bad grades for the same correct answers. Similarly, students will not learn answers (or responses) that they associate with negative reinforcements.
As mentioned earlier that repetition is necessary to learn appropriate responses to specific stimuli. And that is why behaviorism teaching methods use skill and drill exercises to ensure that repetition is done. Another form of repetition is using question and answer exercises but here the questions get progressively difficult and students are gently guided to the correct answers. Once the students learn the answers regular reviews are done so that they do not forget them.
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