Cognitive therapy is a psychotherapeutic method of treatment that helps a person overcome problems associated with emotions, behavior and cognition through a methodical and goal oriented route.
Many of the techniques used in cognitive therapy share the same foundation as behavioral learning theory and cognitive psychology.
Many non-clinical problems like mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, eating disorders and substance abuse disorders can be effectively treated using cognitive therapy.
The benefit of this therapy is that it is not long winded and can be offered on individual basis or in a group setting. A person can also change the techniques used in the therapy as a way of self-help. Some therapies concentrate on cognitive help while others concentrate on behavioral problems.
Cognitive therapy is being used more and more to help criminal offenders in an endeavor to reduce criminal behaviors. Many prisons and jails in many countries have cognitive therapy programs as part of prison rehabilitation.
Cognitive oriented therapies concentrate on identifying and monitoring thoughts, beliefs, assumptions and behaviors that lead to negative emotions. In addition, patients are taught to identify those thoughts, beliefs, assumptions and behaviors that are dysfunction and unhelpful and then replace them with those that are more helpful.
Cognitive therapy believes in dealing with the present and removing symptoms. This therapy has proved to be highly beneficial for people who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), bulimia nervosa and clinical depression. In fact, the efficacy of the therapy has been proven many times over and it is often the preferred method of treatment compared to many other psychodynamic treatments.
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