Existentialism is applied to the work of many 19th and 20th century philosophers from different doctrinal fields who were not only interested in studying the human mind but also behavior, feeling and the person's condition for existence.
The human subject was studied from a philosophical point of view.
If you want to define existential philosophy of psychoanalysis, it can be defined as the conceptual expression of an existential attitude that starts when the subject gets confused and disoriented when confronted with a meaningless world. Basically existential of psychoanalysis is that a person has to give meaning to his life through his actions. Life does not have any value until the person decides to give his life value.
When a person has the freedom to act and decide, he also has to take the responsibility for the outcome of his decisions. As a result he will face anxiety especially when the outcomes are not what expected or wanted. It is this anxiety that makes existentialism an important aspect of psychoanalysis.
Psychotherapists use existentialism of philosophy to explain a person's anxiety. Existentialism of psychoanalysis believes that a patient can exploit his anxiety and use it constructively. Existentialism of psychoanalysis does not advocate suppression of anxiety. Instead patients are advised to use anxiety to change. By accepting anxiety as part of life and as something that is unavoidable, a person can reach his full potential in life.
Existential psychoanalysis does not take into account a person's past. Instead, the psychotherapist concentrates on the patient's present and future. Although the therapist and patient might look at how the patient lived and made decisions that affected his life in the past, the attention always shifts to the present and future where the therapist and patient look how to increase awareness of present and this enables the patient to attain freedom to act responsibly. It is only then that the patient can accept that he is alone and that any choices he makes in life is his responsibility. He has to take the burden of making the choices and be aware of the potential outcomes. This will prompt him to make right choices in a given situation and he will be able to overcome all his anxieties and live life in a free and unburdened manner.
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