Sigmund Freud is considered to be the father of psychoanalysis. While his theories are quite controversial, there is hardly anything known about him. Here is a brief Sigmund Freud biography that will help you to know and understand the person and psychoanalyst better.
Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia. His father had a sharp mind and good sense of human and mother was considered to be a vivacious woman. She was her husband's second wife and a good 21 years younger than him. Freud's mother was just 21 years old when she gave birth to him and when he was four or five, his family moved to Vienna.
Even as a child it was clear that he was brilliant and always stood first in his class. After finishing school, he joined medical school and it was there he got interested in research. Under the guidance of his physiology professor, Ernst Brucke, that Freud got into research. Brucke was researching the radical idea of reductionism at that time and Freud spent many years trying hard to reduce personality to neurology.
Freud was very good at research and he spent a lot of time researching neurophysiology. He even invented a special technique of staining cells. However, Brucke had limited positions for research and there were more researchers ahead of Freud. So, Brucke helped Freud get a grant to study with Charcot, a renowned psychiatrist in Paris, and then with physiologist Bernheim in Nancy. Charcot and Bernheim were researching the use of hypnosis in hysterics.
After being a resident in neurology and director of children's ward in Berlin, Freud returned to Vienna to marry his long-time fiancée Martha Bernays. He started his own practice in neuropsychiatry along with Joseph Breur.
It was during this time that Freud started conducting research on his male and female patients and came out with many theories and papers. While mainstream medical community ostracized Freud, he still managed to collect many brilliant researchers and psychiatrists around him. The problem with Freud was that he did not have anything to do with people who disagreed with him and as a result many bright psychoanalysts left to form their own schools of thought.
Just before World War II started, Freud migrated to England from Vienna as Austria had become an unsafe place for Jews. However, soon after migrating, in 1939, Freud died of mouth and jaw cancer, a disease he was suffering from for the last 20 years.
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