Conductive hearing loss occurs when sounds from the outside cannot reach the inner ear. This is usually due to blockage that can occur in the outer or middle ear because of ear infection or ear wax. Sometimes conductive hearing loss can occur due to abnormality of the structure of the ear or due to the eardrum rupturing.
Sometimes people have excess bone in the middle ear and this condition is known as otosclerosis. When a person has otosclerosis, he can suffer from severe conductive hearing loss as the excess bone prevents sounds from entering into the inner ear. Although the person does suffer hearing loss, the sounds become quiet rather than distorted.
Depending on the cause, conductive hearing loss can be temporary or permanent. For temporary conductive hearing loss, there are treatments that can help the person regain normal hearing.
Conductive Hearing Loss Treatments:
Usually treatments for conductive hearing loss need some form of medical treatment or minor surgery. Some of the treatment measures are as follows:
- Wax build up can be removed by a professional healthcare provider using simple methods like suction, probe or water irrigation.
- An ear infection leading to conductive hearing loss can be cured either by taking antibiotic pills orally or using eardrops that contain antibiotics.
- Otosclerosis can be treated through surgery thus eliminating conductive hearing loss. The surgery is known as stapedectomy and it involves replacing the bones that have been damaged in the middle ear with tiny metal replacements.
- If your conductive hearing is caused by a ruptured eardrum, it usually heals on its own. However, taking antibiotics will prevent infection. If the rupture does not heal on its own, you might have to have a surgery.
- Fluid present in the middle ear usually drains out on its own but if it does not, it has to be drain out through a minor surgical process. A small incision is made on the eardrum to allow the fluid to drain out and thereafter you will be put on antibiotics to prevent infection.
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