Live kidney transplantation is increasingly common now due to the latest procedures that have proved to be successful. A live donation leads to immediate transplantation where there are no long waiting times encountered.
Kidneys from brain-dead donors are generally of a superior quality, since they are not much exposed to warm ischemia, the time between the heart stopping and the kidney being cooled.
If an organ is outside the donor’s body for too long, it might not work well or may not help the patient. It could lead to complications. It could get damaged during recovery or during the transit.
Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure, which is called a nephrectomy where a kidney from a living donor is removed. The blood vessels of the donor, that are connected to the kidney are cut and clamped. The ureter is also then cut between the bladder and kidney and clamped. The kidney and an attached section of ureter are then detached and removed. Once the kidney is freed, a fifth incision that is approximately 3 inch (7.6 cm) wide, is inserted through in the front of the abdominal wall below the navel and pull the kidney out. It is then secured in a bag.
Once the kidneys from live donors and cadavers are removed, they are placed on ice and flushed with a cold preservative solution. But, how long can a kidney be kept prior to transplant is a question most kidney transplant recipients want to know. The kidney can be preserved in the cold preservation solution for around 24 to 48 hours until the transplant takes place.
The sooner the transplant takes place after harvesting the kidney, the better the chances are for proper functioning.
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