Kidney transplant refers to transferring of the kidney from one person to another. The person who is donating the kidney could be either a deceased donor or could be a living donor. Here are some kidney transplant recipient's guidelines.
A person suffering from a kidney can live for fifteen years longer, if he/she receives a new kidney. A kidney transplant is not a risky thing; however there are certain guidelines to be followed and certain things have to be kept in mind while kidney transplantation is done. Firstly before deciding whether to go in for a kidney transplant or not, a thorough physical examination of the recipient is done, which involves blood test, x-ray, and ECG among others. Where required the patient will be given vaccination for pneumonia and hepatitis. Once it has been decided that the patient needs a kidney transplant, the patient’ s name is put on the waiting list for a deceased-donor kidney or the friends and family can start looking for some live donor.
Irrespective of whether it is a deceased donor or a living donor, there are many factors involved in the matching such as the blood type needs to be the same and so also genetic matching. The average waiting period to find a matching kidney is around 3 to 5 years.
Once a matching kidney is found, a final cross match is done with the recipient’s blood and the recipient may be given an injection to prevent rejection. Once the cross match shows compatibility, the transplant can be performed, which may take around 2-3 hours. Reportedly 90 percent of the kidney transplants are successful after one year.
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