Bacterial infection after a liver transplant is very common and these reportedly occur in the first two months of the transplant. There are reportedly about 62 percent of patients who get infected after a liver transplant.
Acute bacterial infection results in an inordinately prolonged hospital stay and sometimes even in rejection of the transplanted kidney. The anti rejection medications form an integral part of post-operative treatment and these have a big role to play in these infections because the immunity of the person becomes very low and a patient becomes susceptible and vulnerable to infections due to continuous use of these medications.
One can get easily infected during the first 6 weeks after transplant; Extra precautions need to be taken to avoid the risk of fever, which is a sign of infection. As fresh fruits and vegetables can harbor bacteria and fungi, it is better for the patients to stick to cooked food rather than eat raw stuff. As the treatment destroys most of the body's platelets, that helps blood to clot, there is a risk of bleeding after a transplant.
The most common bacterial infections found among liver transplant patients are pneumonia and urinary tract infections, but these are not causes for alarm as they can be treated easily with antibiotics. Some patients can get a bacterial infection at the site of the surgery also and may have fever, reddishness, and swelling. A wound culture test would confirm the presence of the infection, if any and the same can be treated with antibiotics.
One can expect these dangers to be lurking for around 3 months and only after that period will the problems start abating and disappearing.
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