Common Childhood Diseases And Immunization Chart

Common Childhood Diseases And Immunization Chart

Childhood immunization protects individual children from serious contagious diseases such as polio, measles, diphtheria, and many other dangerous diseases. These diseases are now rare among children in the United States precisely because immunizations programs have been very successful and effective.

Timely immunization of the child against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tuberculosis, measles, chickenpox, and polio gives protection from these diseases forever. Immunization, however, is effective only if it is given at the right age.

The following chart gives you immunization schedule and the correct age at which immunization against the various diseases should be given.

Immunization Chart

When to
Immunize                                        Protection against diseases                  Vaccines ______________________________________________________________________________
2 months old                                    Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis,                DTaP/IPV/Hib
                                                polio and Haemophilus,
                                                Influenza type B
                                                Pneumoccocal                                        (PCV)
______________________________________________________________________________

3 months old                                    Diptheria, tetanus, pertussis,                  DTaP/IPV/Hib
                                                         Polio, and Haemophi
                                                         influenza type B
                                                        
                                                         Meningitis C                                          Meningitis (MenC)
______________________________________________________________________________

4 months old                                    Diptheria, tetanus, pertussis                   DTaP/IPV/Hib
                                                         Polio, and Haemophilus,
                                                         Influenza type B
                                                        
                                                         Pneumoccocal                                        (PCV)
                                                        
                                                         Meningitis C                                          (Men C)
______________________________________________________________________________
                                                        
Around 12 months                           Haemophilus influenza type B               (Hib/Men C)   
                                                         Meningitis C
______________________________________________________________________________
Around 13 months                           Measles, Mumps and rubella,                 (MMR)
                                                         Pneumococcal                                        (PCV)
                                                        
______________________________________________________________________________
3 yrs 4 months to                             Diptheria, tetanus, pertussis,                  DTaP/IPV+HIB
5 years                                              Polio, and haemophilus
                                                         Influenza B

Measles Mumps and rubella                MMR

______________________________________________________________________________

13 years old                                      Tetanus, diphtheria and polio                (Td/IPV)
to 18 years old
____________________________________________________________________________

It is clear from the above chart that immunization for certain diseases is given in more than one dose, spread over few months. Each one of these doses is essential for complete protection. The second dose is called a ‘booster dose’ the immunizations will not be effective and will have to be started   all over again.

Immediately after the child has been immunized, you may find that child has mild fever. However, there is no reason to worry as fever will not last longer than a day or two.

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Common Childhood Diseases And Immunization Chart