The rabies vaccine is mandatory for pets in the United States. It is made legal to prevent the transmission of the disease from the dogs to humans. The vaccine may cause a lot of side effects. The first few observations include facial swelling, hives, lumps at the injected site, vomiting, lethargy, sleepiness, grumpy behavior and fever.
The other allergic reactions include skin problems, neurological problems, digestive disorders, paralysis of limbs, and muscular weakness.
The behavioral abnormalities can include destructive behaviors, Aggression, obsessive behaviors and separation anxiety. Some of the more serious reactions include anaphylactic attack, Fibrosarcoma, seizures, loss of consciousness, circulatory shock, diseases in the organs, autoimmune diseases, chronic digestive problems and sometimes, death.
Other disorders include IMHA (Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia), IMT (immune mediated thrombocytopenia), polyarthritis which cause inflammation of joints or polyradiculoneuritis which is nothing but vaccine-associated-rabies.
Many vets warn you about the possible reactions. Hence, if you observe any of these symptoms in the dog, it is highly recommended to take your pet to the vet immediately. The pets should be given adequate nutrition after the vaccination to improve the health and sustain the reactions. The risk of rabies vaccine can be reduced by using killed vaccines and not the live ones.
Some of the side effects mentioned above can occur within minutes of the reaction but the initial symptoms may take about 24 hours to occur. The more serious disorders can occur in a few weeks or months after the vaccination. In case of acute swelling, antihistamines can be administered but with strict medical supervision.
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