Botox is nothing but botulinum toxin that is derived from a bacterium known as Clostridium botulinum. This toxin is a neurotoxin and helps to paralyze the underlying muscles of the skin which, in turn, reduces the visibility of wrinkles and lines on the face. In the US, Botox treatment is approved by the FDA for treating wrinkles, too much perspiration, twitching of eyelids, squint and for some kinds of muscle spasms. While Botox has not been approved by the FDA for treating muscular pain and headaches, it is at times used to treat these problems.
When people hear the word 'Botox', they immediately think about anti-aging procedure. Ironically, Botox was first approved for treating intense muscle spasms that result from a condition known as cervical dystonia. This kind of muscle spasms is known as spasmodic torticollis. Cervical dystonia is a condition wherein a person's neck will turn on its own accord repeatedly. It is a neurological disorder. The movement results due to spasms which are extremely painful. As Botox is known to paralyze muscles, using it to treat muscle spasms is highly effective.
When Botox is used for muscle spasms, it tends to block the impulses from the nerves from reaching the affected muscle. Hence, the spasm does not occur. The effectiveness of the treatment is not permanent, and it lasts for around 2 to 3 months.
It is important to know that Botox is approved just to treat muscle spasms resulting from cervical dystonia and not any other kind of muscle spasm. However, it has been used to treat back pain that occurs due to muscle spasm. This kind of back pain is chronic in nature and people have responded well to Botox treatment.
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