The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck. It is responsible for secreting important hormones that help to regulate metabolism, development and growth. The hair and skin are fast growing and hence, any problem with the thyroid has an adverse effect on them.
People who have thyroid problems like hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism often complain of hair loss. It has been seen that hair loss is more common among people suffering from hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid does not produce sufficient amounts of thyroid hormones.
When a person suffers from hypothyroidism, they have a lower rate of metabolism as the hormones produced by the thyroid are low and cannot keep up the metabolism. So, the body has less energy and as a result the hair cells are unable to grow fast. This causes the hair to turn brittle and dry and it also ends up becoming thinner. As the hair turns brittle and dry, it can fall off very easily. Hence, people suffering from hypothyroidism notice hair loss.
However, this hair loss can be reversed if the person gets treatment to rectify the thyroid disorder. Once the person is put on thyroid supplements, it will take a few months for effects to become noticeable. Sometimes, the person can still have loss of hair even though they receive thyroid treatment. In such a case, the person should ask the doctor to change his or her medication.
Usually, when a person is treated for hypothyroidism, he or she will receive T4 hormone. This hormone comes in a form of a tablet and has to be taken once in a day. It is a synthetic medication and helps to replace the hormones that are not being produced in sufficient quantities by the thyroid. Some brands of medication cause hair loss and if this is the case, the person should switch to a different brand.
If hair loss continues even after switching brands, then the problem could be low dosage. The dosage of thyroid medication can be altered after the person has a blood test to check the levels of the hormones.
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