Private disability refers to the condition in which a working individual is fatally injured or suffers from an illness, resulting in a disability for a prolonged period.
Due to the disability the individual may not be able continue with his job, resulting in loss of income. Moreover, privately disabled people can be discriminated against, on the basis of their disability alone.However, there are laws that protect the interests of privately disabled people. They are discussed below.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): The ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) was passed to protect people with disabilities from wrongful or unfair discrimination. The Act makes it clear that an applicant, employee or an aspirant should be assessed on the ability to perform the job, qualifications or other requirements and not on the basis of the disability. The Title I of this Act particularly addresses the issue of employment for individuals with private disability. The Title I specifies that the employer has to provide an opportunity for discussion, wherein the affected employee is given a chance to express his/her needs for being accommodated at the current place of work. The purpose of this is to remove disability linked work limitations in the workplace, enabling the otherwise qualified employee to continue with his work or job. The only exception is when accommodating a disabled employee is unjustifiably costly and troublesome.
Rehabilitation Act: Like the Title I of ADA, there are sections 501–504 of the Rehabilitation Act that prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities.
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