Technology And Human Communication
Human beings are said to be social animals. Communication is the foundation on which societies can be built as it allows organisms to interact productively. The term is defined as a process that allows entities to exchange information by several methods. In simpler words, communication is the act or process of exchanging ideas, messages or information, as by speech, signals or writing. The quality of communication is marked by its effectiveness.
In today’s world, it seems imperative to have effective communication skills for the success of personal relationships and to carve a niche in the professional field as well. However, successful communication is of one the toughest battles for many today.
The two fundamental methods of communication are verbal and non-verbal. Auditory means such as speaking and singing represent verbal communication; whereas physical means such as body language, paralanguage, touch, eye contact and the use of writing signify the category of non-verbal communication. Language is the backbone of verbal communication and written text as well. Languages can be described as a system of symbols and grammars rules by which the symbols are manipulated. Non-verbal communication accompanies and supplements verbal communication. The medium of communication could be any, what matters is that the information transmitted can be received and interpreted correctly.
Fascination for the subject by scientists has transported the process of communication beyond human beings or any living creatures. Instead, today technological advancement has made communication possible between machines or parts of machines. In the 20th century, a revolution in telecommunications has greatly altered communication by providing new media for long distance communication. Analog telecommunications include traditional telephony, radio and television broadcasts and digital telecommunications symbolize the computer-mediated communication, telegraphy and computer networks.
The progression in technology has opened many new avenues of communication. We live in the communication world of cellular phone, faxes, video conferences, internet connection and many more. Gone are the days of the traditional landline telephones, today mobile phones are the trend setters. A mobile phone is a long range electronic device used for mobile voice or data communication over a network of specialized base stations known as cell sites. In addition to the standard voice function, current mobile phones support many additional services and accessories such as SMS for text messaging, email, access to the internet, games, blue tooth, camera with video recorder, MMS for sending and receiving photographs and video, MP3 player, radio and GPS. Fax or facsimile is a telecommunication technology used to transfer copies of documents, especially using affordable devices operating over the telephone network. Fax has enabled the instantaneous transfer of documents to people at large distances. The electronic mail or email is one of the most extensively used internet application in terms of communication. It is the method of exchanging digital messages via the computer. All one requires are a personal email account and the recipient’s email address, and then one can communicate with any one in the world.Modern communication media has allowed intense long distance exchanges between larger numbers of people. The combining of technology and communication brings immediacy, integration, access and collaboration. Living in a world of instant results, many of these new technological tools have become life savers for day to day activities. Undoubtedly, technology has taken human communication to just a push of a button!
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