|Bronchitis Symptoms And Treatment
Bronchitis is characterized by inflammation of the passages of air within the lungs. The problem can occur in two forms, namely acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is caused by viral infection with symptoms of cold, sore throat, wheezing, slight fever with chills, and chest discomfort. However, this is a milder form of the problem, and it can be cured within a few days.
Chronic bronchitis leads to constant cough with excess mucus production. The symptoms of the condition vary with respect to the season of the year.
Treatment for acute bronchitis involves simple procedures. The body needs rest, and intake of fluid should be high. Smoke or fumes are to be avoided. The doctor may prescribe a cough syrup to ease the cough, and an inhaler bronchodilator to assist breathing. If the general medical condition of the patient is healthy, no medications may not be required. Cough accompanied with phlegm is a good sign as it helps to take the excess mucus out of the system. However, medicine could be taken for cough if it is dry or creates discomfort.
Home remedy for acute bronchitis is to stay indoors, keep yourself warm and consume a lot of fluids. Inhalation of steam is also recommended.
Chronic bronchitis renders the body susceptible to infections. As a precautionary measure, vaccination against polio and flu is a wise option. For the similar reasons as in the cases of acute bronchitis, cough with phlegm may do the system good. However, discolored and thick phlegm may indicate an infection, which could require a course of antibiotics. In cases of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, an anti-cholinergic bronchodilator may prove to be beneficial for dilating the lungs for better air passage. In severe cases, oxygen therapy may also be advised. Special care needs to be taken while using an oxygen tank at home. The apparatus should be kept away from inflammable substances and sources of direct heat. In certain cases, steroids are also administered to decrease the inflammation in the air passage. Reduction of weight is also vital in such cases as it decreases the stress on the functioning of the heart.
The best home remedy for chronic bronchitis is to avoid exposure to paint and exhaust fumes, dust and individuals suffering from cold. Steam inhalation and warm clothing will help improve the situation. Apart from all this, the best precautionary measure or treatment for chronic bronchitis is to stop smoking.
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