Critical Care Therapy And Drugs


Critical Care Therapy And Drugs  

The use and study of critical care therapy and drugs is of special importance because patients in the Intensive Care Unit or ICU need to be handled with extreme care. Within ICUs itself, there may be specialized ones such as Neonatal Intensive Care Unit or NICU, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit or PICU, Coronary Care Unit or CCU. Each of these will contain specialized equipments for the same and the required drugs and medicines as well.

Some of the common equipment that are generally present in any ICU are a mechanical ventilator which helps in breathing, cardiac monitors, external pacemakers, defibrillators, dialysis equipments if the patient is suffering from renal problems, nasogastric tube, suction pumps, drains and catheters and a variety of drugs are present.

The intensive care therapy given to each patient differs according to the disease as well as according to how fast the patient is recovering. The intensive units of each hospital are designed to stabilize, detoxify and help patients rehabilitate in case of excessive and threatening substance abuse or drug addiction. For example, for HIV infected persons, anti-retroviral therapy may be typically adopted. Intensive insulin therapy helps in decreasing morbidity and mortality in patients recovering in the ICUs. Such patients generally suffer from hyperglycemia and improper blood glucose levels.

There are also a number of drugs that are used in the intensive care units. A careful knowledge of all these drugs is required, especially of those which need to be injected immediately when there is an emergency to save the life of the patient. Not just the medicine, but proper knowledge of the right dosage is also required as that can make the difference between life and death.  For example, Alteplase is a drug that is used in case of myocardial infarction.

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Critical-Care-Transport-Protocols      Critical care patients need to be well taken care of, especially when they are being transported from one place to another, or are on their way to the hospital. There are special emergency medical personnel whose job is to care for such patients when on the move. They are called paramedics. They have to follow special protocols during a critical care transport. These critical care transport protocols may slightly vary according to the hospital. More..


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