|Difference Between Optometry And Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist is a physician who would have spent at least three years in doing the specialization in the area of interest after the completion of four year course of medicine. After that the ophthalmologist has to spend two more years to become a subspecialist, in which the area of interest in chosen and detailed study about the area of interest is made. The specialization in the vision care helps the physician to know in detail about the causes, diagnosis, prevention and the treatment of the eye disease.
The ophthalmologist can also be involved in research and contribute the research findings to the society. The ophthalmologist can do their sub specialization in the areas that include Cornea and External Disease, Glaucoma, Neuro-ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Pathology, Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Pediatric Ophthalmology, Vitreoretinal Diseases.
An optometrist is a primary health care provider who undergoes a training for four years to check the eyes and the diagnose eye diseases like glaucoma, cataracts and retinal disorders. They prescribe spectacles, contact lens and also provide treatment for nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. They also give medicines to treat the eye disease. They also perform minor surgery like removal of unwanted growth. They neither have the background of medicine nor the trainings to perform major eye surgery. They are given license to give primary vision care services like low vision aids, vision therapy, etc. It is the patient who has to decide to whom to go for the eye check up and it depends on the nature and the severity of the eye disease.
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