A dung beetle is made up of a hard top shell, so that it can protect itself from predators. It is also a very strong insect, as it can carry nearly 200 times its own body weight. So, it can carry a lot of dung in one single night. Not only cow dung, these beetles are interested in all kinds of animal dung and hence their name.
These beetles are very helpful for the ecosystem, and they are considered to be a farmer’s best friend. They help immensely in agricultural lands. They are probably one of the best gifts that can nature can give agriculturists. These beetles break down and decompose dung, and some times they bury them or they carry them to different locations. When they bury the dung, they make the soil nutrient rich and more fertile; and when they move the dung to another location, they are creating natural manure for various species of plants. (See Reference 1) So, imagine when you own a crop what benefits you can reap by having dung beetles in your farm?
Dung beetles are basically nocturnal creatures, and that is why they work mostly in the night. This way they can stay away from predators like birds. It is not something that the dung beetle planned, but nature has made them that way. According to scientists, a small 2-centimeter long dung beetle can actually bury or carry 100 cubic centimeters of dung in a single night. (See Reference 1) This should get you thinking about the amount of dung a group of these beetles can carry.
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